Dog Breeds and Their Health: Choose Your Dog

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Dog Breeds and Their Health: Choose Your Dog


As far as how far is the study of Biology, there is no living organism that has been found to not have death; even microorganisms or bacteria will succumb to death. And while death is considered a natural process, we could still wish that our furry friends would maybe live for as long as we wish— Now, if we knew which breeds have the least medical issues.



Who doesn’t love Snoopy? Snoopy is a Beagle. Beagles are a breed of small-scented hound. In ancient times, they were bred for hare hunting, known as “beagling.” They possess exceptional olfactory abilities and tracking instincts. It’s not certain where the word was derived, but from the French word “begueule,” which translates to “wide throat” or “loudmouth.”


Beagles, while generally healthy, may be susceptible to certain health conditions. These include epilepsy, which can usually be managed with medication. Additionally, hypothyroidism and various types of dwarfism are known to occur in this breed. Unique to Beagles are two specific conditions: “Funny Puppy,” characterized by slow development leading to weak legs and a crooked back, and despite overall health, an increased susceptibility to various illnesses.


Like most medium-sized dogs, beagles usually live at least 12 years, with the oldest known beagle living an amazing 27 years. They can come in a number of colors but are most well-known for being white and red with a black saddle. Beagles are usually described as merry in their demeanor and are typically loving, happy, and easygoing dogs.

Australian Cattle Dog 

The Australian Cattle Dog is a rare, large dog breed that lives a long life, with an expected lifespan of roughly 12 to 15 years. The Guinness World Records documented the remarkable longevity of an Australian Cattle Dog named Bluey, who holds the record for the longest-living dog of this breed. Bluey lived an extraordinary life spanning 29 years, surpassing the typical lifespan of 12 to 15 years expected for Australian Cattle Dogs. This impressive record underscores the resilience and longevity potential of this rare and large breed.


In the Australian Cattle Dog, recessive piebald alleles contribute to white patches in the coat and skin, a trait associated with congenital hereditary deafness. Research suggests that while piebald pigment genes are linked to deafness, there may be a multi-gene cause for this condition in affected dogs. According to a study, approximately 2.4% of Cattle Dogs were deaf in both ears, while 14.5% exhibited deafness in at least one ear. 


As a typical working breed, Australian Cattle Dogs are energetic, smart, and respond well to training. They also form a strong attachment with their owners. Keeping them could be a challenging task, as they can sometimes be stubborn due to their high-octane energy, intelligence, and strong work ethic.



Chihuahuas, one of the smallest dog breeds, also boast remarkable longevity, with an average lifespan of 15 to 20 years. However, according to a study conducted in Japan analyzing pet cemetery data, the Chihuahua was found to have an average life expectancy of less than 12 years.


The Chihuahua is genetically predisposed to various neurological diseases, including but not limited to atlantoaxial instability, ceroid lipofuscinosis, congenital deafness, congenital hydrocephalus, muscular dystrophy, necrotizing meningoencephalitis, and neuroaxonal dystrophy. Additionally, there is a mild predisposition to congenital heart disease in this breed.


They are known for their spirited, bold, and intelligent nature, as well as their extreme devotion to their owners, especially children. Despite their small size, they require minimal exercise and are relatively free from serious illnesses. While they may be associated with being carried in handbags by famous personalities, they are affectionate and charming companions, albeit with some territorial tendencies, particularly around children.

Jack Russell Terrier


Jack Russell Terriers, originating from England, are medium-sized dogs known for their cuteness and high energy levels. With an average life expectancy comparable to larger breeds, they have been recorded to live up to 20 years. Their energetic nature contributes to their longevity, and they thrive when given ample outdoor activity. Willie, the oldest recorded Jack Russell, lived to the age of 20 in 2014, as documented by the Guinness World Records.


Breeders generally aim to maintain genetic diversity within the Jack Russell Terrier gene pool, which can help mitigate the risk of inherited health issues associated with inbreeding. However, like many dog breeds, certain lines of Jack Russell Terriers may indeed exhibit specific health concerns due to the presence of recessive genes.

Toy Poodle


Toy Poodles, like all poodles, have a relatively long lifespan. Among poodle varieties, Toy Poodles have the longest expected lifespans, ranging from 14 to 18 years with proper care. These intelligent and trainable dogs are known for their beauty and sweet demeanor. While there’s no true hypoallergenic dog, Toy Poodles are known for their low shedding and allergenic potential, making them ideal cuddly companions for those with sensitivities. In general, Poodles are considered to be a healthy breed.

Shih Tzu


Shih Tzus, an ancient breed whose name translates to “lion” in Chinese, were cherished pets of Chinese royalty for centuries. While not suited for guarding due to their friendly disposition, they’re known for their sweetness and sociability. Typically free from major health issues, regular grooming is key to their well-being. With its average lifespan of 10 to 18 years, they provide delightful company and entertainment for many years.


Pomeranians, named after the region of Pomerania, are small, fluffy dogs known for their liveliness and playfulness. While alert and responsive to their surroundings, they may be prone to obesity due to their small size. Additionally, they’re susceptible to dental issues. Despite these concerns, they have a relatively long life expectancy of 12 to 16 years, offering ample bonding time with their owners. When properly cared for with a nutritious diet and regular exercise, Pomeranians tend to have few health problems. Their lightweight build makes issues like hip dysplasia relatively uncommon compared to larger breeds.



Dachshunds, or “sausage dogs,” are renowned for their long lifespans, often outliving other breeds by several years. Available in different sizes, coat types, and colors. Dachshunds are prone to spinal problems, particularly intervertebral disk disease (IVDD). This susceptibility is attributed to their unique anatomy, which features an elongated spinal column and short rib cage. However, they make affectionate and playful companions, with some living up to 17 years on average. However, according to a study, they have a life expectancy of just under 14 years.

Lhasa Apso


Lhasa Apsos, an ancient breed from Tibet, were historically esteemed as watchdogs in Tibetan palaces and monasteries. Today, they serve primarily as family companions, cherished for their loyalty and gentle demeanor. Despite their small size, they have a respectable lifespan of 12 to 14 years, with some living even longer. Their calm nature makes them compatible with children, while their wariness of strangers adds a protective element to their character. One common condition for them is Patellar luxation. This occurs when the kneecap (patella) moves out of its normal location or becomes dislocated. The predisposition to patellar luxation in small breeds

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